China is located in East Asia and borders the western part of the Pacific Ocean. It has a land area of more than 9.6 million square kilometers, and a mainland coastline of more than 18,000 kilometers. Its water area, including inland sea and marginal sea, is over 4.7 million square kilometers, in which there are more than 7,600 islands of every size. Among them, the island of Taiwan is the largest, with an area of 35,798 square kilometers. China borders 14 countries and is adjacent to 8 island countries on the sea. By provincial administrative division, China has 4 municipalities, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions. Its capital is Beijing. There are 56 ethnic groups in China, which is a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-dialect and multi-text country. The common language is Mandarin and standard Chinese characters.
Education System in China
Scope for International Students in China
The number of international students seeking enrolment in Chinese higher learning institutions has been increasing every year. Over 200 universities across China are authorized to enrol international students. In recent years, the number of international students pursuing higher education in China has increased by as much as 30%.
Before going into the level-wise higher education system in China, it is advisable to have a look at the public and the private education system in China.
State Education System in China
The state or public education system in China is based on a premier selection structure, which means the score of the national-level entrance exam decides the fate of students. Every year, almost 4,50,000 engineering students graduate from public universities in China and 50,000 graduates with a master’s degree.
Private Education System in China
Private higher learning institutions in China also play a dominant role in providing quality education. These institutions maintain educational standards that are on par with those in public institutions. Private higher learning institutions have also been successful in attracting a significant number of international students over the years.
Chinese higher-education system is divided into three levels. These have been explained below.
Level 1 - Undergraduate: China provides multifarious options to students wanting to opt for Bachelor education. The programs/subjects range widely from Economics, Accounting, Information Technology, Architecture, etc. There is not a single field of study which is not present in China.
The undergraduate course is generally for 2 years at the minimum and reaches a maximum duration of 5 years. The session starts from the month of September every year.
Level 2 - Master’s Degree: China’s higher education system is more or less similar to that of the US. It is an evident thing and a rule that a candidate needs to have a bachelor degree before they want to pursue a Post Grad from China. Usually, courses are 2 to 3 year long, depending upon the field of study and university’s norms.
Getting the Master’s degree from China is quite affordable and becomes the major factor of interest to students.
Level 3 - Doctorate Degree: Number of students interested in pursuing PhD from China has elevated to 157,108 in 2018 as per an education website. The PhD length is usually 3 to 4 years and the costs of the fees start from approx Yuan 17,000 to Yuan 54,000. The academic year starts from March to January.
Why Study in China
A country moving towards immense economic growth, China has been an aggregator of first-class student education programmes, and personality growth and development. As per records, surveys and personal student interaction, it has been found that China has played a major role in shaping the lives of innumerable international students.
China provides various challenging competencies for students, motivating them to learn everything more intricately. Students get to dive deep into China’s culture and it widens the candidate’s outlook intellectually.
If we talk about the beauty of China, it tops the chart of beautiful destinations as it is adorned with beautiful landscapes and fine art and theatre. Many of the students opt for creative courses in China as it has the perfect taste for fine art.
The highest-rated BRICS country, China has been ranked as one of the leaders amongst the countries foreseeing growth in the education sector.
Advantages of Studying in China
China offers the following benefits to students taking admission to its higher education institutions.
Globally Recognized Quality Education: China is one of the most developed countries in the world, and the education offered by Chinese universities has global recognition. Most of the Chinese higher learning institutions offer various courses in the English medium to attract international students. On the other hand, China is one of the biggest destinations for students wishing to study in some of the top-ranked universities in the world.
Affordable Fee: The currency of China is Yuan, which is approximately equivalent to Rs. 10. Compared to the US Dollar and the British Pound, the currency of China proves to be cheaper and more affordable for international students, specifically for students from India. Apart from affordable living expenses, the cost of tuition in China is also very low.
Career/Employment Scope: International students pursuing higher education in China are allowed to take up part-time jobs to cover up their living expenses. On the other hand, graduates of Chinese universities have a good scope in the job market, and they are eligible to take up jobs in any part of the world.