Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
Various Indigenous peoples inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years before European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British Parliament.
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government. The country is a Commonwealth realm and is officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
As a highly developed country, Canada has the seventeenth-highest nominal per-capita income globally as well as the thirteenth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,
Top reasons to study in Canada:
- Quality and internationally recognized degrees
Canada places a lot of importance to education and maintains very high standards in education. A degree acquired from Canadian universities in recognized globally and is valued highly in the international job market. Canada is renowned for its research-intensive universities. Canada is ranked 4th in the world for scientific research.
- Varied Options
The choice of schools in Canada is wide and varied, from major research institutions to small liberal arts schools & universities offer a wide range of undergraduate, graduate and professional degree programmes in a very flexible mode. Canada has 100 universities, 200 colleges & renowned institutes, accredited language schools as well as specialised institutes.
- Affordable education & living
Canada offers not only quality education, but education which is affordable for international including Indian students. Compared to countries like the UK, USA and Australia, cost of education in Canada is quite moderate.
- Student friendly
Canada has the best educated people and the highest literacy rate in the world. Canadians live longer than anyone on the planet, except people in Japan and Iceland. Canada's prime cities Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal have been recognized as world class cities to live and work, for cleanliness, safety, cultural activities and attractive lifestyles. Two Canadian cities have been rated as the most student friendly cities in the QS rankings' top 10 list for 2017: Top 10 Cities in the World to be a Student
- Safe country
A very important factor for most Indian and other international students while choosing a study abroad program, is the safety and security of the country and the city in particular. Parents are worried about the safety of their children and factors like crime against women, racial discrimination, theft and burglary play an important role while choosing a destination for study abroad. In this respect, Canada is one of the safest places to study with very low crime rates and cases of racial discrimination. Statistics by Numbeo reveal that Canada's safety index (62.42) is much higher than the safety indices of other popular study abroad destinations such as US (49.99), UK (57.9) and Australia (57.94).
- Multicultural Environment
Canada has a multicultural environment with people of all religions, races and cultures. People of Canada are extremely friendly and welcoming. The multicultural environment gives students an opportunity to interact with people of all backgrounds and ethnicity. There are numerous communities and associations of which you can be a part and get a feeling of a home away from home. The multicultural environment also helps you find restaurants serving ethnic and traditional Indian foods. You can contact your international student advisor to find out about the ethnic club or association you can join to soak in the homely feeling of the country to which you belong. No wonder that Canada has the 7th largest student population in the world, with 2,65,000 international students studying at various levels of education!
Canada offers many scholarships specially designed for international students
- Job Opportunities
Canada is one of the few nations that offer job opportunities to students who have graduated from Canadian Universities and have obtained a Canadian degree. In fact, after finishing their studies, international students can work in Canada for up to 3 years!
- A High Tech Country
Canada is an international leader in computer and information technologies and has a reputation for excellence in such sectors as telecommunications, animation, transportation and engineering; and specifically, aerospace, urban transport, microelectronics, medical devices, advanced software, hydroelectric and nuclear power, lasers and opto-electronics, biotechnology etc. Canada was among the first in the world to recognize the need to connect schools and libraries to the Internet, and its SchoolNet program is being copied around the world. All kinds of modern amenities are provided and most campuses happen to be wired with the most sophisticated technologies the world has to offer.